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甘肃快3

于制造速溶茶粉的酶解工艺

2016-03-27 23:11:16 杭州沃腾膜工程有限公司 已读
本发明提供了对茶水进行分步联合酶解制备速溶茶,使用的酶包括木瓜蛋白酶、果胶酶、纤维素酶、单宁酶中的一种或几种。本发明产品收率高,将茶汤中的多种大分子物质分解成小分子物质,使得制造出的茶粉容易冲泡、利于人体吸收,较好地避免了沉淀或浑浊的产生,且能够较佳地保留茶香。
权利要求(7)
1.一种速溶茶的制备工艺,其特征在于对茶进行联合酶解,使用的酶包括木瓜蛋白酶、果胶酶、纤维素酶、单宁酶中的一种或几种,其中单宁酶所占比例低于10% w/w,木瓜蛋白酶所占比例不高于20% w/w。
2.如权利要求1所述的速溶茶制备工艺,其酶解步骤包括:向茶叶干品中加入水,并调节PH值为5~7 ;之后加入所述酶;控制温度40°C ±3°C,并进行40~100转/分的均速搅拌;保温酶解4-10小时。
3.如权利要求1或2所述的速溶茶制备工艺,所述酶解按照下述步骤进行: (O向茶叶干品中加入其重量的5-10倍的水,并调节pH值为5.0 ; (2)在(I)获得的混合液中以1:1的质量比加入纤维素酶和果胶酶,纤维素酶和果胶酶添加量均是茶叶干重的0.35%-0.90% w/w ; (3)对(2)中获得的产物保温2小时,控制温度40°C ±3°C,并进行40~100转/分的均速搅拌; (4)过滤分离(3)中的茶水和茶叶,分别收集茶叶及茶水; (5)滤出的茶叶中加入步骤(I)一半重量的水,40°C ±3°C,40~100转/分的均速搅拌; (6) I小时后,过滤收集(5)中的茶水,并与步骤(4)获得的茶水混合,调节混合液的pH至 6.0 ; (7)在(6)获得的混合液中加入茶叶干重的0.05%-0.1% w/w的单宁酶和0.1%-0.2% w/w的木瓜蛋白酶,在40°C ±3°C,40-100转/分的均速搅拌下,酶解2小时以上。
4.如权利要求1-3中任一项所述的速溶茶制备工艺,其特征在于,所述的茶叶干品先进行粉碎处理,粉碎成20目大小的颗粒。
5.如权利要求1-3中任一项所述的速溶茶制备工艺,其特征在于还需对酶解得到的茶水进行过滤、浓缩和干燥处理。
6.如权利要求5所述的速溶茶制备工艺,其特征在于,将酶解后的茶水通过100〜150目的筛网进行粗滤,并将粗滤后的茶水通过无机膜过滤,无机膜过滤得到的茶水再进行反渗透膜过滤浓缩,在反渗透过程中压力控制在1.5〜2.5MPa,温度控制在18〜40°C,当可溶性固形物质量百分含量达到25-40%时,结束浓缩。
7.如权利要求6所述的速溶茶制备工艺,其特征在于,浓缩液均质后进行真空喷雾干燥,制得速溶茶粉,其中真空度为0.003Mpa,进料口温度260°C,出料口温度80°C。
说明
一种用于制造速溶茶粉的酶解工艺

JISHULINGYU

甘肃快3 [0001] BENFAMINGSHUYUCHAYEJIAGONGJISHULINGYU。

BEIJINGJISHU

[0002] JINNIANLAISURONGCHAZAIXUDUOGUOJIAHEDIQUKUAISUFAZHANBINGLIUXINGQILAI,ZHUYAOGUIYINYUSURONGCHASHIYIZHONGJIANKANGDEYINPIN,BINGJUYOUFANGBIAN、WEISHENG、KUAIJIEDEYOUDIAN。

[0003] CHAYEJINTIFANGFAZHUYAOYOUYOUJIRONGJIJINTIFA、SHUIJINTIFAHEMEITIQUDENG。YOUJIRONGJIJINTIFADUIMOUXIECHENGFENDETIQUXIAOGUOHAO,DANSHIQITIQUCHENGBENJIAOGAO,JISHUNANDUDA,ERQIEDUICHANPINYOUWURAN。SHUIJINTIFAJISHUCHENGSHU、YICAOZUO、SHIYONGXINGGUANG,NENGGOUMANZUDUOZHONGSHENGCHANYAOQIU,SHIZHUYAODETIQUFANGFA。DAN“TIYE-NONGSUO-ZHIFEN”,ZHEIZHONGFANGSHISHENGCHANCHUDESURONGCHAPUBIANCUNZAIZIWEIDAN、LENGRONGXINGCHA、XIANGQIDI,CHATANGBUGOUCHENGQING,YICHANSHENGHUNZHUOHECHENDIANDENGPINZHIWENTI,CHAFENZHONGHANYOUDUOZHONGDAFENZINANRONGWUZHI,RUDANBAIZHI,DANBAIZHISHICHATANG“LENGHOUHUN”DEZHONGYAOZUCHENGWUZHI。CHANONGSUOYEDELENGHOUHUNXIANXIANGYIZHISHINANYIJIEJUEDEJISHUWENTI。MEIJISHUJUYOUKUAISU、GAOXIAO、FANYINGGUOCHENGMINGQUEQIEYIYUKONGZHIDENGZHUDUOYOUDIAN,LIYONGMEIDEGAOXIAOSHENGWUCUIHUAGONGNENG,NENGCUJINCHAYENEIBULIJIWUXIAOCHENGFENDEYOUYIZHUANHUA,GAISHANCHAZHIDESE、XIANG、WEIJIYINGYANGJIAZHIDENGZONGHEPINZHI。

FAMINGNEIRONG

[0004] BENFAMINGCAIYONGFENBUJINTI、LIANHEMEIJIEDETIQUFANGFA,NENGGOUJIANGCHATANGZHONGDEDUOZHONGDAFENZIWUZHIFENJIECHENGXIAOFENZIWUZHI,SHIDEZHIZAOCHUDECHAFENRONGYICHONGPAO、LIYURENTIXISHOU,JIAOHAODIBIMIANLECHENDIANHUOHUNZHUODECHANSHENG,QIENENGGOUJIAOJIADIBAOLIUCHAXIANG。TONGGUOTIANJIAXIANWEISUMEI、GUOJIAOMEIDENGWUZHIPOHUAIXIBAOBICHENGFEN,SHIJINCHUWUHANLIANGJIAODAFUDUZENGJIA。TONGSHI,DANBAIMEIHEDANNINGMEIZUOYONGHOU,CHATANGZHONGKERONGXINGDANBAIHEERCHASUBEIFENJIE,BIMIANXINGCHENG“LENGHOUHUN”FUHEWU,QIETIGAOLESURONGCHADEANJISUANHANLIANG,TIGAOCHATANGLIANGDU,QUCHUSEWEI,SHICHATANGGENGJIAXIANCHUN。

[0005] DANMEITIANJIALIANGYESHIZHONGYAODEYINSU,MEILIANGBUGOU,HUIYANZHANGYINGXIANGJIAGONGCHULISHIJIAN,ZAOCHENGCHENGPINPINZHIXIAJIANG,SUIZHEZENGJIATIANJIALIANG,TIQUDEYOUXIAOCHENGFENCHANLIANGTIGAO,DANZENGJIADAOYIDINGCHENGDUHOU,YOUXIAOCHENGFENSUIYOUSUOZENGJIA,DANSHIZENGJIAYOUXIAN,TONGSHIYETIGAOLECHENGBEN,YINGXIANGLESHENGCHANXIAOYI。

[0006] BENFAMINGTIGONGLEYIZHONGSURONGCHADEZHIBEIGONGYI,DUICHAJINXINGLIANHEMEIJIE,SHIYONGDEMEIBAOKUOMUGUADANBAIMEI、GUOJIAOMEI、XIANWEISUMEI、DANNINGMEIZHONGDEYIZHONGHUOJIZHONG,QIZHONGDANNINGMEISUOZHANBILIDIYU10% w/w,MUGUADANBAIMEISUOZHANBILIBUSHANGYU20% w/w。

甘肃快3 [0007] JUTILAISHUO,

(OXIANGCHAYEGANPINZHONGJIARUQIZHONGLIANGDE5-10BEIDESHUI,BINGDIAOJIEpHZHIWEI5.0 ;

甘肃快3 (2)ZAI(I)HUODEDEHUNHEYEZHONGYI1:1DEZHILIANGBIJIARUXIANWEISUMEIHEGUOJIAOMEI,XIANWEISUMEIHEGUOJIAOMEITIANJIALIANGJUNSHICHAYEGANZHONGDE0.35%-0.90% w/w ;

甘肃快3 (3)DUI(2)ZHONGHUODEDECHANWUBAOWEN2XIAOSHI,KONGZHIWENDU40°C ±3°C,BINGJINXING40~100ZHUAN/FENDEJUNSUJIAOBAN;

(4)GUOLVFENLI(3)ZHONGDECHASHUIHECHAYE,FENBIESHOUJICHAYEJICHASHUI;

(5)LVCHUDECHAYEZHONGJIARUBUZHOU(I)YIBANZHONGLIANGDESHUI,40°C ±3°C,40~100ZHUAN/FENDEJUNSUJIAOBAN; (6) IXIAOSHIHOU,GUOLVSHOUJI(5)ZHONGDECHASHUIBINGYUBUZHOU(4)HUODEDECHASHUIHUNHE,DIAOJIEHUNHEYEDEpHZHI 6.0 ;

(7)ZAI(6)HUODEDEHUNHEYEZHONGJIARUCHAYEGANZHONGDE0.05%-0.1% w/wDEDANNINGMEIHE0.1%-0.2% w/wDEMUGUADANBAIMEI,ZAI40°C ±3°C,40~100ZHUAN/FENDEJUNSUJIAOBANXIA,MEIJIE2_8XIAOSHI。

[0008] SUOSHUDECHAYEGANPINXIANJINXINGFENSUICHULI,FENSUICHENG20MUDAXIAODEKELI。XUANZEHESHIDEFANGSHIMEIJIEHOU,JIANGMEIJIEDEDAODECHASHUIJINXINGCULV、NONGSUOHEGANZAOCHULI。JUTILAISHUO,JIANGMEIJIEHOUDECHASHUITONGGUO100〜150MUDESHAIWANGJINXINGCULV,CULVHOUDECHASHUITONGGUOWUJIMOGUOLV,JIEZHETONGGUOFANSHENTOUMOJINXINGGUOLVNONGSUO,ZAIFANSHENTOUGUOCHENGZHONGYALIKONGZHIZAI1.5〜2.5MPa,WENDUKONGZHIZAI18〜40°C,DANGKERONGXINGGUXINGWUZHILIANGBAIFENHANLIANGDADAO25-40%NONGDUSHI,JIESHUNONGSUO。NONGSUOYEYI16〜18MPaGAOYABENGJUNZHIHOUJINXINGZHENKONGPENWUGANZAO,ZHIDESURONGCHAFEN。

JUTISHISHIFANGSHI

甘肃快3 [0009] FENCUI:XUANQUWUWURAN、WUYIWEI、WUMEIBIANDELVCHAGANPINWEIYUANLIAO,TOURUFENSUIJIFENSUI,FENSUICHENGZHANGDUXIAOYU0.3cmDEXIFENDUAN;HUOZHEFENSUICHENG20MUDAXIAODEKELI。

甘肃快3 [0010] MEIJIECAIYONGRUXIADEFANGSHIZHIYIJINXINGMEIJIE1:

甘肃快3 JIANGCHAYEZHIYURONGQINEI,10kgCHAYEJIASHUIlt~2tHUNHE,DIAOJIEHUNHEYEpHZHIZAI5~7FANWEINEI;HUNHEYEJIARUlkg~2kgDEHUNHEMEI,HUNHEMEIBAOKUODANBAIMEI、GUOJIAOMEI、XIANWEISUMEI、DANNINGMEI,ZAIHUNHEMEIZHONGDANNINGMEISUOZHANBILISHI8%,DANBAIMEISUOZHANBILISHI15%,DANBAIMEIWEIMUGUADANBAIMEI;KONGZHIWENDUZAI37-43°CZHIJIAN,BINGJINXING40~100ZHUAN/FENDEJUNSUJIAOBAN,BAOCHI4~10XIAOSHI,JIKECHONGFENDUICHAYEJINXINGMEIJIE。

[0011]MEIJIE 2:

JIANGCHAYEZHIYURONGQINEI,XIANG10kgCHAYEGANPINZHONGJIARUQIZHONGLIANGDE500kgSHUI,BINGDIAOJIEpHZHIWEI5.0 ;ZHIHOUFENBIEJIARU0.4kgXIANWEISUMEIHE0.4kgGUOJIAOMEI;40°CBAOWEN2XIAOSHI,TONGSHIYI60ZHUAN/FENJUNSUJIAOBAN;GUOLVFENLICHASHUIHECHAYE,FENBIESHOUJICHAYEJICHASHUI;LVCHUDECHAYEZHONGJIARU250kgDESHUI,400C,60ZHUAN/FENDEJUNSUJIAOBAN;1XIAOSHIHOU,GUOLVSHOUJICHASHUIYUSHANGYIBUZHOUHUODEDECHASHUIHUNHE,DIAOJIEHUNHEYEDEpHZHI6.0 ;JIARU0.05kgDEDANNINGMEIHE0.1kgDEMUGUADANBAIMEI,400C,60ZHUAN/FENDEJUNSUJIAOBANXIA,MEIJIE3XIAOSHI。

甘肃快3 [0012]MEIJIE 3:

甘肃快3 XIANG10kgCHAYEGANPINZHONGJIARUQIZHONGLIANGDE500kgSHUI,BINGDIAOJIEpHZHIWEI5.0 ;ZHIHOUFENBIEJIARU0.8kgXIANWEISUMEIHE0.8kgGUOJIAOMEI;40°CBAOWEN2XIAOSHI,TONGSHIYI60ZHUAN/FENJUNSUJIAOBAN;GUOLVFENLICHASHUIHECHAYE,FENBIESHOUJICHAYEJICHASHUI;LVCHUDECHAYEZHONGJIARU250kgDESHUI,40°C,60ZHUAN/FENDEJUNSUJIAOBAN;1XIAOSHIHOU,GUOLVSHOUJIDECHASHUIYUSHANGYIBUZHOUHUODEDECHASHUIHUNHE,DIAOJIEHUNHEYEDEPHZHI6.0 ;JIARU0.1kgDEDANNINGMEIHE0.2kgDEMUGUADANBAIMEI,40°C,60ZHUAN/FENDEJUNSUJIAOBANXIA,MEIJIE2XIAOSHI。

甘肃快3 [0013]GUOLV:

JIANGMEIJIEHOUDECHASHUITONGGUO150MUDESHAIWANGJINXINGCULV,JIANGCULVHOUDECHASHUITONGGUOKONGJINGWEII ymDETAOCIMOJINYIBUGUOLV,GUOLVSHICHASHUIWENDUKONGZHIZAI18〜40°C。GUOLVZHICHASHUIZHONGKERONGXINGGUXINGWUZHILIANGBAIFENHANLIANGWEI3-5%

FANSHENTOUMONONGSUO:CAIYONGSHIPINWEISHENGJIDEFENZILIANGWEI10000DEFUHEMODUIWUJIMOGUOLVHOUDECHASHUIJINXINGGUOLVNONGSUO,NONGSUOGUOCHENGZHONGDEYALIWEI2MPa,WENDUWEI25°C,NONGSUOHOUDENONGSUOYEZHONGDEKERONGXINGGUXINGWUZHILIANGBAIFENHANLIANGZAI25-30%。

[0014]GANZAO:

NONGSUOYEYIGAOYABENGJUNZHIHOUTONGGUOZHENKONGPENWUGANZAOTANEIJINXINGPENWUGANZAO,QIZHONGZHENKONGDUWEI0.003Mpa,JINLIAOKOUWENDU260°C,CHULIAOKOUWENDU80°C,DANGPENWUGANZAOHOUDEWULIAOHANSHUILIANGWEI5.5%SHI,LIKECHULIAO,JINGZHENKONGWUJUNBAOZHUANGDEDAOSURONGCHACHANPIN。

[0015] YIXIASHIBENFAMINGDEYOUXUANSHISHILI:

XUANQUWUWURAN、WUYIWEI、WUMEIBIANDELVCHAGANPIN,TOURUFENSUIJIFENSUI,FENSUICHENG20MUDAXIAODEKELI。XIANG10kgCHAYEGANPINZHONGJIARUQIZHONGLIANGDE500kgSHUI,BINGDIAOJIEpHZHIWEI5.0 ;ZHIHOUFENBIEJIARU0.8kgXIANWEISUMEIHE0.8kgGUOJIAOMEI;40°CBAOWEN2XIAOSHI,TONGSHIYI60ZHUAN/FENJUNSUJIAOBAN;GUOLVFENLICHASHUIHECHAYE,FENBIESHOUJICHAYEJICHASHUI;LVCHUDECHAYEZHONGJIARU250kgDESHUI,40°C,60ZHUAN/FENDEJUNSUJIAOBAN;1XIAOSHIHOU,GUOLVSHOUJICHASHUIYUSHANGYIBUHUODEDECHASHUIHUNHE,DIAOJIEHUNHEYEDEpHZHI6.0 ;JIARU0.1kgDEDANNINGMEIHE0.2kgDEMUGUADANBAIMEI,40°C,60ZHUAN/FENDEJUNSUJIAOBANXIA,MEIJIE2XIAOSHI。JIANGMEIJIEHOUDECHASHUITONGGUO150MUDESHAIWANGJINXINGCULV,JIANGCULVHOUDECHASHUITONGGUOKONGJINGWEII μπιDETAOCIMOJINYIBUGUOLV,GUOLVSHICHASHUIWENDUKONGZHIZAI18〜40°C。GUOLVZHICHASHUIZHONGKERONGXINGGUXINGWUZHILIANGBAIFENHANLIANGWEI3-5%。FANSHENTOUMONONGSUO:CAIYONGSHIPINWEISHENGJIDEFENZILIANGWEI10000DEFUHEMODUIWUJIMOGUOLVHOUDECHASHUIJINXINGGUOLVNONGSUO,NONGSUOGUOCHENGZHONGDEYALIWEI2MPa,WENDUWEI25°C,NONGSUOHOUDENONGSUOYEZHONGDEKERONGXINGGUXINGWUZHILIANGBAIFENHANLIANGZAI25-30%。NONGSUOYEYIGAOYABENGJUNZHIHOUTONGGUOZHENKONGPENWUGANZAOTANEIJINXINGPENWUGANZAO,QIZHONGZHENKONGDUWEI0.003Mpa,JINLIAOKOUWENDU260°C,CHULIAOKOUWENDU80°C,DANGPENWUGANZAOHOUDEWULIAOHANSHUILIANGWEI5.5%SHI,LIKECHULIAO,JINGZHENKONGWUJUNBAOZHUANGDEDAOSURONGCHACHANPIN。

[0016] GENJUBENFAMINGERCITIQU、FENBUMEIJIEGONGYIZHIBEIDEDAODECHAFENXIANGDUIYUPUTONGMEIJIECHANLVMINGXIANTIGAO、CHASEHUANGLVMINGLIANG,SURONGLVCHAFENERCHASUHEANJISUANJUNBICHUANTONGGONGYIZHIDEDELVCHAFENYOUMINGXIANTIGAO,ZIWEIGENGJIAXIANCHUNSHUANGKOU,DADAOYOUZHISURONGCHABIAOZHUN。

 

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